- United Nations watchdog: Iran stalling agreed nuclear probe, has destroyed evidence and "undermined... ability to conduct effective verification"
The U.N. nuclear watchdog (IAEA) on Friday released its quarterly report [PDF] on Iran's obligations to enhance transparency around the country's nuclear program, concluding - per the description published by Reuters - that Tehran had straightforwardly "failed to address concerns about suspected atomic bomb research by an agreed deadline." The outlet also tersely assessed that the developments constituted "a setback to hopes for an end to an international stand-off over Tehran's atomic activity." The IAEA's broad findings had been leaked earlier in the week, but the full report detailed how Iran has refused to disclose the so-called "possible military dimensions" (PMDs) of its program. The Iranians are obligated by half a dozen binding United Nations Security Council resolutions to fulfill commitments across four broad areas: halting uranium enrichment, halting plutonium production, halting ballistic missile development, and coming clean on PMDs. The PMD issue has traditionally been treated by analysts as more fundamental than the other 3 categories, inasmuch as it is a vital prerequisite to establishing a verification regime that would monitor Iranian compliance with any sort of agreement. Verifying that the Iranians have stopped their illicit work requires - in the most basic sense - an understanding of what that work was and is. Former IAEA deputy director Olli Heinonen has explained that forcing Iran to come clean is necessary to “understand the scope of the program... and set the baseline for... successful monitoring," while Washington Institute Managing Director Michael Singh has been even more blunt in emphasizing that "[w]ithout insight into the full extent of Iran's clandestine nuclear activities, no amount of monitoring and inspection can provide true confidence" that Iran is meeting its obligations. The IAEA's quarterly update was not promising. The Iranians had implemented just one of five promised transparency measures by an agreed August 25 deadline, then implemented another two after the deadline. The remaining two measures have not been met at all. They Iranians also continued destroying parts of their Parchin military complex, where the IAEA suspects work related to the development of nuclear warheads took place. The IAEA blasted the move as one that "likely... further undermined the Agency’s ability to conduct effective verification." The agency also described itself as remaining "concerned about the possible existence in Iran of undisclosed nuclear related activities involving military related organizations, including activities related to the development of a nuclear payload for a missile" and noted that it had in recent years obtained a range of information demonstrating that "Iran has carried out activities that are relevant to the development of a nuclear explosive device."
Israeli researchers say involuntary eye movements accurately reflect the presence of ADHD. A new study from Tel Aviv University, University of Haifa and Sheba Medical Center shows that involuntary eye movements accurately reflect the presence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), as well as the benefits of medical stimulants that are used to treat the disorder. The National Institute of Mental Health says there is no one test to diagnose whether or not a child has ADHD. The behavioral disorder is commonly misdiagnosed as a result, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In the study, Dr. Moshe Fried, Dr. Anna Sterkin, and Prof. Uri Polat of TAU’s Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Dr. Tamara Wygnanski-Jaffe, Dr. Eteri Tsitsiashvili, Dr. Tamir Epstein of the Goldschleger Eye Research Institute at Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, and Dr. Yoram S. Bonneh of the University of Haifa used an eye-tracking system to monitor the involuntary eye movements of adults taking an ADHD diagnostic computer test called the Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA). The researchers found a direct correlation between ADHD and the inability to suppress eye movement in the anticipation of visual stimuli. The research also reflected improved performance by participants taking methylphenidate, which normalized the suppression of involuntary eye movements to the average level of the control group. The research was published in Vision Research. “This test is affordable and accessible, rendering it a practical and foolproof tool for medical professionals,” said Dr. Fried. “With other tests, you can slip up, make ‘mistakes’ — intentionally or not. But our test cannot be fooled. Eye movements tracked in this test are involuntary, so they constitute a sound physiological marker of ADHD. “Our study also reflected that methylphenidate does work. It is certainly not a placebo, as some have suggested.” The researchers are currently conducting more extensive trials on larger control groups to further explore applications of the test. (via Israel21c)
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